Thousands of California residents were forced to flee new blazes in September, killing at least three dozen people and burning through more than 4,142,656 acres at press time. In wine country, the Glass Fire, driven by gusty winds, burned several structures, including homes in Santa Rosa, Chateau Boswell Winery and Black Rock Inn in the Napa County town of St. Helena among them. The August 2020 fires had already created an unprecedented amount of danger and damage across the state with the 2017 and 2019 fires still fresh in memory. Castello di Amorosa, Sterling Vineyards, Fairwinds Estate Winery, Hourglass Winery, Hunnicutt Wines, Newton Vineyard, Tofanelli Family Vineyard, Heitz Cellar-Owned Burgess Cellars and Foley Family Wines’ Merus winery that have all suffered damage were part of a total of 194 commercial structures, including wineries, restaurants, resorts, and lodges, as well as more than 220 homes. California wine country is extensive, with wine grapes grown in 49 of California’s 58 counties. In addition to building losses, the impact of smoke damage to the grapes and vines California and neighboring Oregon and Washington state wineries affect not only this year’s harvest but also those for years to come.